Top academic journals won't publish rebuttal replications
Recently, a top academic psychology journal, JPSP, decided to publish a study purporting to show the existence of ESP. An author had submitted a paper, which showed statistical significance at 2.5 SD, and the journal argued that it wasn't appropriate to reject the paper just because the effect was precognition rather than something more mainstream.
So the paper was accepted. The decision to publish was controversial, as you might expect. Almost immediately, several researchers replicated the experiment, and found no effect whatsoever. They submitted rebuttal papers to JPSP.
And JPSP refused to publish them! Not only JPSP, but "the other high-end psychology journals" (according to this Carl Shulman post from "Less Wrong", which I am paraphrasing here) also refused.
Their explanation: they don't publish straight replications.
So, let's get this straight. Someone writes a study that makes extremely bold claims with weak evidence. The journal decides to publish it. But when other researchers almost immediately rebut it in the strongest possible way -- by replicating the experiment exactly -- the journals decide they're not interested.
From the journals' point of view, this (common) policy makes sense: bold new claims will tend to be cited more and raise journal status (which depends on citations per article), even though this means most of the 'discoveries' they publish will be false despite their p-values. However, this means that overall the journals are giving career incentives for scientists to massage and mine their data for bogus results, but not to challenge bogus results by others. Alas.
As far as I'm concerned -- and, indeed, as far as the scientific method is concerned -- it isn't science unless you expose your findings to confirmation and challenge. By Shulman's argument, it looks like academia has sacrificed the pursuit of science to the pursuit of status-seeking, where journals want to be interesting and professors want to avoid being proven wrong.